Procrastination: the art of delaying and overcoming It


18 May 2023
Procrastination, the habit of postponing tasks and activities, is a common phenomenon affecting human behavior in individuals across all walks of life, especially young people.

Are you procrastinating?

Common symptoms are putting off work, chores, or personal goals, as procrastination can hinder productivity and increase stress and frustration.

This article will explore the reasons behind putting things off, its negative impacts, and practical strategies to overcome this habit, regain control of our lives, and become more organized.

Going more in-depth

Procrastination can be seen as a complex interplay of psychological, emotional, and behavioral factors. One common cause is the fear of failure in achieving goals or perfectionism in small tasks, thus making someone feel overwhelmed.

When people, particularly young adults and college students, set high standards for themselves, they may become overwhelmed by the magnitude of the task and delay starting it.

Additionally, procrastination can stem from a lack of motivation or interest in the task at hand. If a task seems unappealing or lacks a clear sense of purpose, it becomes easier to postpone it.

Some people tend even to postpone household chores, which strains their relationships with loved ones and creates plenty of negative emotions at home.

procrastination the art of delaying and overcoming it 1 Procrastination: the art of delaying and overcoming It

Negative consequences of delaying your tasks

Procrastination can have consequences on both personal and professional levels. Students who do academic procrastination often experience increased stress, reduced academic performance, and missed deadlines.

In the workplace, procrastination can lead to decreased productivity, missed opportunities, and strained relationships with colleagues. On a personal level, chronic procrastination can erode self-esteem, create a cycle of guilt and shame, prevent individuals from having self-control, create low self-esteem and poor health, and generally be a favorable factor for negative feelings and emotions.

20 strategies to beat procrastination

Set Clear Goals

Break down tasks into smaller, manageable chunks, and set specific, realistic goals to complete tasks. By having a clear plan of action, you’ll stop procrastinating and increase your motivation to get started.

Prioritize and Schedule

Create a to-do list and prioritize urgent tasks based on importance. Set deadlines for each task and allocate specific time slots for working on them. Do one task at a time. Stick to your schedule and hold yourself accountable for your time management.

Manage Distractions

Identify and minimize distractions that make people procrastinate. Turn off notifications on your phone or computer, create a dedicated workspace for important tasks, and use website blockers if necessary. Establishing an environment conducive to concentration will help you stay focused, and your future self will be less prone to develop a mental illness.

Utilize Time Management Techniques

Explore techniques like the Pomodoro Technique, where you work for a focused period (e.g., 25 minutes) and then take a short break. Breaking tasks into manageable time increments increases productivity, reduces the sense of overwhelming, unrealistic expectations, and helps fight procrastination.

Cultivate Self-Discipline

Train yourself to act despite feelings of resistance towards the tasks you don’t like. Use positive self-talk, rewards, or accountability partners on one point to stay committed to your goals. Educational psychology states that motivation often follows action.

Challenge Negative Thoughts

Recognize negative thoughts contributing to procrastination, such as “I won’t do it perfectly, so why bother?” Reframe these thoughts with more positive and realistic perspectives, emphasizing progress over perfection and focusing on problem-solving rather than feeling more stress.

Practice Self-Care

Prioritize self-care activities such as exercise, proper nutrition, adequate sleep, and relaxation techniques according to your differences. Taking care of your physical and mental well-being enhances focus, energy levels, and overall motivation and lowers stress.

Seek Support

Don’t hesitate to seek support from friends, family, or professionals if you are one of the chronic procrastinators. They can provide encouragement, guidance, and accountability, helping you stay on track even regarding a small task, thus making you feel less stressed in your life.

Create a Productive Environment

Your physical surroundings can greatly influence your productivity. Most non procrastinators have an organized, clutter-free, and conducive to focus. Surround yourself with motivational quotes, inspiring images, or objects that remind you of your goals and help you plan ahead and not procrastinate.

Break Down Tasks

Large tasks can be overwhelming, leading to procrastination behavior. Psychology Today recommends breaking them down into smaller, more manageable sub-tasks. This makes them less intimidating and provides a sense of accomplishment as you complete each sub-task, thus making you procrastinate less.

Use Visualization Techniques

Visualize yourself completing the task when you feel stuck. Imagine the positive outcomes, the sense of achievement, the relief, and the long-term rewards that come from finishing. This mental imagery can boost motivation and reduce procrastination.

Practice Time Blocking

Allocate specific blocks of time for different activities throughout your day. Set aside time for work, school, breaks, and leisure activities. By assigning dedicated time slots, you create a structure that helps you stay on track and avoids excessive procrastination, which is counterproductive to this.

Start with the Most Challenging Task

Tackle the most difficult or least appealing task first when your energy and motivation levels are highest. You will most likely procrastinate on the most challenging task, and the rest of your to-do list will seem more manageable and less daunting.

Use Accountability Tools

Employ tools and apps that help you stay accountable for your tasks and prevent procrastination. For example, you can use habit-tracking apps, task management software, or accountability platforms that allow you to share your progress with others to manage better under pressure. Knowing someone monitors your progress can be a powerful motivator to avoid procrastination.

Practice Mindfulness

Cultivate mindfulness through techniques like meditation or deep breathing exercises. Mindfulness helps you stay present, focus on the things at hand instead of trying to avoid tasks, and reduce the tendency to get distracted or caught up in unproductive thoughts.

procrastination the art of delaying and overcoming it 2 Procrastination: the art of delaying and overcoming It

Embrace Imperfection

Perfectionism often fuels procrastination as individuals strive for flawlessness. Accept that perfection is unrealistic, immediate gratification is unhealthy, and that taking imperfect action is better than no action. Embrace mistakes as opportunities for growth and learning.

Identify and Challenge Procrastination Triggers

Pay attention to situations, environments, or emotions that trigger your procrastination tendencies. Once you identify these triggers and build impulse control, you can proactively develop strategies to address them. For example, if social media distracts you, consider logging out of your accounts during work hours or using website blockers.

Break Unhealthy Patterns

Reflect on any patterns or habits of modern society that enable your procrastination. Are you consistently leaving unpleasant tasks to the last minute? Do you find comfort in the adrenaline rush of a tight deadline? Recognize these patterns and actively work on breaking them by adopting healthier alternatives and planning, as your future self will thank you.

Celebrate Progress

Acknowledge and celebrate your accomplishments along the way. Reward yourself when you complete a task or reach a milestone and feel the long-term benefits. Positive reinforcement reinforces positive behaviors and can motivate you to continue overcoming active procrastination.

Learn from Setbacks

If you experience setbacks or fall back into old procrastination habits or a self-defeating behavior pattern, view them as learning opportunities rather than reasons to give up. Analyze what triggered the setback and develop strategies to avoid chronic procrastination in the future. Remember, progress is not always linear, and setbacks are a natural part of the process to stop procrastinating.


Procrastination is a common hurdle that can hinder progress and satisfaction in various aspects of life. By understanding the underlying causes and implementing effective strategies, you can overcome procrastination and regain control of your time and productivity.

Remember, overcoming procrastination is a process that requires self-awareness, self-discipline, and consistent effort. With perseverance and the right mindset, you can break free from the grip of procrastination and unlock your true potential.

For further reading about becoming a better version of yourself, we recommend checking out our other articles on handling tedious tasks and creating a functional home office.


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